We follow the vaccination protocol created by Dr. Jean Dodds a leading veterinarian in the field of immunology. For more information please read her protocol below:

Recommended Vaccination Schedule:

Vaccine Initial 1st Annual Booster Re-Administration Interval Comments
Distemper (MLV) 9 weeks
12 weeks
16 - 20 weeks
At 1 year MLV
Parvovirus only
None needed.
Duration of immunity 7.5 / 15
years by studies. Probably
lifetime. Longer studies
Can have numerous side
effects if given too
young (< 8 weeks).
Parvovirus (MLV) 9 weeks
12 weeks
16 - 20 weeks
At 1 year MLV
Parvovirus only
None needed.
Duration of immunity 7.5
years by studies. Probably
lifetime. Longer studies
At 6 weeks of age, only
30% of puppies are
protected but 100% are
exposed to the virus at
the vet clinic.
24 weeks
or older
At 1 year (give 3-4
weeks apart from
Dist/Parvo booster)
Killed 3 year rabies
3 yr. vaccine given as
required by law in California
(follow your state/provincial
rabid animals may
infect dogs.


Vaccines Not Recommended For Dogs:

Distemper & Parvo
@ 6 weeks or
Not recommended.
At this age, maternal antibodies form the mothers milk (colostrum) will neutralize the vaccine
and only 30% for puppies will be protected. 100% will be exposed to the virus at the vet
Corona Not recommended.
1.) Disease only affects dogs <6 weeks of age.
2.) Rare disease: TAMU has seen only one case in seven years.
3.) Mild self-limiting disease.
4.) Efficacy of the vaccine is questionable.
Leptospirosis Not recommended
1) There are an average of 12 cases reported annually in California.
2) Side effects common.
3) Most commonly used vaccine contains the wrong serovars. (There is no cross-protection
of serovars) There is a new vaccine with 2 new serovars. Two vaccinations twice per year
would be required for protection.).
4) Risk outweighs benefits.
Lyme Not recommended
1) Low risk in California.
2) 85% of cases are in 9 New England states and Wisconsin.
3) Possible side effect of polyarthritis from whole cell bacterin.
Only recommended 3 days prior to boarding when required.
Protects against 2 of the possible 8 causes of kennel cough.
Duration of immunity 6 months.

Not recommended

Efficacy of vaccine unsubstantiated by independent studies

"Dogs and cats immune systems mature fully at 6 months. If a modified live virus vaccine is given after 6
months of age, it produces an immunity which is good for the life of the pet (ie: canine distemper,parvo,
feline distemper). If another MLV vaccine is given a year later, the antibodies from the first vaccine
neutralize the antigens of the second vaccine and there is little or no effect. The titer is not "boosted"
nor are more memory cells induced." Not only are annual boosters for parvo and distemper
unnecessary, they subject the pet to potential risks of allergic reactions and immune‐mediated
hemolytic anemia. "There is no scientific documentation to back up label claims for annual
administration of MLV vaccines." Puppies receive antibodies through their mother’s milk. This natural
protection can last 8‐14weeks. Puppies & kittens should NOT be vaccinated at LESS than 8 weeks.
Maternal immunity will neutralize the vaccine and little protection (0‐38%) will be produced.
Vaccination at 6 weeks will, however, delay the timing of the first highly effective vaccine. Vaccinations
given 2 weeks apart suppress rather than stimulate the immune system. A series of vaccinations is given
starting at 8 weeks and given 3‐4 weeks apart up to 16 weeks of age. Another vaccination given
sometime after 6 months of age (usually at 1 year 4mo) will provide lifetime immunity.

There are two types of vaccines currently available to veterinarians: modified‐live vaccines and
inactivated ("killed") vaccines.

Immunization Schedules

There is a great deal of controversy and confusion surrounding the appropriate immunization schedule,
especially with the availability of modified‐live vaccines and breeders who have experienced
postvaccinal problems when using some of these vaccines. It is also important to not begin a vaccination
program while maternal antibodies are still active and present in the puppy from the mother's
colostrum. The maternal antibodies identify the vaccines as infectious organisms and destroy them
before they can stimulate an immune response.

Many breeders and owners have sought a safer immunization program.

Modified Live Vaccines (MLV)
Modified‐live vaccines contain a weakened strain of the disease causing agent. Weakening of the agent
is typically accomplished by chemical means or by genetic engineering. These vaccines replicate within
the host, thus increasing the amount of material available for provoking an immune response without
inducing clinical illness. This provocation primes the immune system to mount a vigorous response if the
disease causing agent is ever introduced to the animal. Further, the immunity provided by a modified‐
live vaccine develops rather swiftly and since they mimic infection with the actual disease agent, it
provides the best immune response.

Inactivated Vaccines (Killed)
Inactivated vaccines contain killed disease causing agents. Since the agent is killed, it is much more
stable and has a longer shelf life, there is no possibility that they will revert to a virulent form, and they
never spread from the vaccinated host to other animals. They are also safe for use in pregnant animals
(a developing fetus may be susceptible to damage by some of the disease agents, even though
attenuated, present in modified‐live vaccines). Although more than a single dose of vaccine is always
required and the duration of immunity is generally shorter, inactivated vaccines are regaining
importance in this age of retrovirus and herpesvirus infections and concern about the safety of
genetically modified microorganisms. Inactivated vaccines available for use in dogs include rabies,
canine parvovirus, canine coronavirus, etc.

W. Jean Dodds, DVM
938 Stanford Street
Santa Monica, CA 90403
310/ 828‐4804
fax: 310/ 828‐8251

Note: This schedule is the one I recommend and should not be interpreted to mean that other protocols
recommended by a veterinarian would be less satisfactory. It's a matter of professional judgment and
choice. For breeds or families of dogs susceptible to or affected with immune dysfunction, immune‐
mediated disease, immune‐reactions associated with vaccinations, or autoimmune endocrine disease
(e.g., thyroiditis, Addison's or Cushing's disease, diabetes, etc.) the above protocol is recommended.
After 1 year, annually measure serum antibody titers against specific canine infectious agents such as
distemper and parvovirus. This is especially recommended for animals previously experiencing adverse
vaccine reactions or breeds at higher risk for such reactions (e.g., Weimaraner, Akita, American Eskimo,
Great Dane).

Another alternative to booster vaccinations is homeopathic nosodes. This option is considered an
unconventional treatment that has not been scientifically proven to be efficacious. One controlled
parvovirus nosode study did not adequately protect puppies under challenged conditions. However,
data from Europe and clinical experience in North America support its use. If veterinarians choose to use
homeopathic nosodes, their clients should be provided with an appropriate disclaimer and written
informed consent should be obtained.

I use only killed 3 year rabies vaccine for adults and give it separated from other vaccines by 3‐4 weeks.
In some states, they may be able to give titer test result in lieu of booster.
I do NOT use Bordetella, corona virus, leptospirosis or Lyme vaccines unless these diseases are endemic
in the local area pr specific kennel. Furthermore, the currently licensed leptospira bacterins do not
contain the serovars causing the majority of clinical leptospirosis today.
I do NOT recommend vaccinating bitches during estrus, pregnancy or lactation.
W. Jean Dodds, DVM